10.Jetavanaramaya, Sri Lanka
At a distance of 1.5 km from Maha Bodhi Temple and a couple of km from Anuradhapura railroad station , Jetavanaramaya is an ancient Buddhist stupa situated within the sacred city of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. Located within the Mahamewna Park, it’s one among the oldest stupas in Anuradhapura and among the sacred places to go to in Anuradhapura while holidaying in Sri Lanka .
At 400 feet, Jetavanaramaya was the tallest stupa in Sri Lanka and therefore the third tallest ancient structure within the world when it had been built by King Mahasena of Anuradhapura (273-301). He initiated the development of the stupa following the destruction of the Mahavihara and was completed by his son Maghavanna I. it’s believed that a neighborhood of a sash or belt tied by Buddha is preserved here. The structure is critical within the island’s history because it represents the tensions within the Theravada and Mahayana sects of Buddhism.
Later, King Parakramabahu within the 12th century rebuilt this stupa to the present height of 232 feet, a discount from the first height. However, eventually, Anuradhapura was abandoned as Polonnaruwa became the middle of governance in Sri Lanka , and therefore the ancient city was covered with jungle until 1981 when UNESCO took the task of renovating the Jetavanaramaya Monastery Complex as a part of UNESCO-Sri Lanka Cultural Triangle Sites project.
9.Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, India
At a distance of 1 km from Srirangam railroad station , 9 km from Trichy junction , 62 km from Thanjavur, 145 km from Madurai & 327 km from Chennai, Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple may be a prominent Hindu temple situated at Srirangam near Trichy. it’s one among the famous temples in South India, and among the foremost visited places in Tamilnadu.
Constructed within the Dravidian sort of architecture, Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple is that the foremost of the eight self-manifested shrines of Lord Vishnu, and among the important places of pilgrimage in Tamilnadu. Built across a neighborhood of 156 acres, this temple is devoted to Ranganatha, a reclining sort of Hindu deity , Lord Vishnu. This temple lies on an island formed by the dual Rivers Cauvery and Kollidam. Though the temple existing since the 2nd century of BC, the archaeological has inscriptions are there available only from the 10th century of CE.
8.Temple of heaven, China
The total area of Temple of Heaven Park is about 270 hectares (670 acres), but the most buildings are on a south-north line about 750 meters long within the middle of the park.
The most striking building of the Temple of Heaven is that the tall, circular Hall of Prayer permanently Harvests, within the north of the park. within the south of the park lie the Imperial Vault of Heaven and Circular Mound Altar. The Around areas are connected by the range of 360-meter long, 4-meter wide walkway, It was called the Danbi Qiao (‘Red Steps-to-the-Throne Bridge’).
7.Shwedagon Pagoda, Myanmar
According to archaeologists and students , the Shwedagon Pagoda was built by the Mon people, an ethnos from Myanmar. Construction is believed to possess started within the 6th century. The initial structure was much less than the present one.
The stupa felt into decay for several years until the 14th century, when the Burmese King, Binnya U, decided to rebuild the temple, increasing its height to about 60 feet. Then during the 15th century, Queen Binnya Thau made significant renovations. She raised the temple height to about 130 feet, created terraces on Capitol Hill on which the pagoda is found and paved the upmost terrace with stones. By the 16th century, the Shwedagon Pagoda was already a crucial Buddhist monument for pilgrimage in Burma.
Prambanan Temple, also called Candi Roro Jonggrang, is found on the central Indonesian Island of Java. it’s the most important and most complete remains of Java`s period of Hindu culture, inbuilt the center of the 9th century AD, around 50 years later than Borobudur Temple. it’s believed that the huge size of the Hindu temple was built by king Rakai Pikatan to mark the return of a Hindu dynasty in Java after decades of Buddhism.
At 47 metres high, slightly taller than Borobudur, the king Rakai Pikatan built Prambanan to honour the Hindu Gods and mark the return of Hindu dynasty in Java after an extended era of Buddhism. It’s unknown whether this is often before or after the development of Prambanan, but through a political marriage with princess Pramodawardhani from the Syailendra Dynasty, the king managed to merge the 2 dynasties and therefore the kingdom holds both Hinduism and Buddhism as its religion.
5.Tigers Nest Monastery, Bhutan
Like the Eiffel Tower or the Statue of Liberty, the Tiger’s Nest is one among , if not the defining images of its home nation of Bhutan. For me, it’s one among the places that appears love it came straight from a fantasy novel. it had been also one among the most things i used to be looking forward to seeing once we finally arrived in Bhutan.
Sitting precariously 3,000 metres above the Paro valley, the Paro Taktsang Monastery (Tiger’s Nest Monastery) was inbuilt the late 17th century on the location of a cave set into the cliff. Although we call it the Tiger’s Nest in English, Taktsang more accurately translates to “tigress’ lair” and aptly gets its name from the legend of its founding.
According to that legend, the 8th-century Indian Buddhist master Guru Rinpoche was carried up the mountain on the rear of a lover who had transformed herself into a tigress. Once they arrived, Guru Rinpoche then spent 3 years, 3 months, 3 days and three hours meditating within the cave. After he had finished, it became a sanctum and have become referred to as Paro Taktsang.
Borobudur is found about 40 km (25 miles) to the northwest of Yogyakarta and a few 86 km (53 miles) west of the town of Surakarta in central Java. The temple lies in a neighborhood between two volcanoes – Mt. Sundoro-Sumbing and Mt. Merbabu-Merapi – also as two rivers – Progo and Elo. Borobudur is situated very on the brink of two other Buddhist temples within the Kedu Plain: Pawon and Mendut.
Scholars and archaeologists surmise that some kind of relationship must have existed between the temples as all three are positioned along a line . However, what this signifies remains a matter of scholarly debate. what’s known is that the traditional and medieval Javanese, whether Hindu or Buddhist, associated the Kedu Plain with tremendous agricultural production, and it had been thus considered one among the foremost sacred places on the island of Java. Ancient peoples regarded the 2 rivers as especially auspicious as they evoked the sacred Ganges and Yamuna rivers in what’s present-day India.
Not surprisingly, the given the area’s favorability, the Hindu Gunung Wukir temple is sanctuary, which are the dates to c. 732 CE, lies only the distanse10 km (6 miles) west of Borobudur within the Kedu Plain too.
3.Golden Temple, India
The first Harmandir Sahib was inbuilt 1604 by Arjan, the fifth Sikh Guru, who symbolically had it placed on a lower level in order that even the humblest had to step right down to enter it. He also included entrances on all four sides, signifying that it had been hospitable worshippers of all castes and creeds. the inspiration stone was laid by Mian Mīr, a Muslim divine of Lahore (now in Pakistan). The temple was destroyed several times by Afghan invaders and was finally rebuilt in marble and copper overlaid with foil during the reign (1801–39) of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The structure thus became referred to as the Golden Temple.
The Harmandir Sahib itself sustained the some of the minor damage on June 6, 1984, when Indian was troops fought their way into the temple complex to dislodge Sikh extremists who had been using the fortress and the refuge. The Akal Takht, however, was heavily damaged within the attack. Both buildings subsequently were repaired.
2.Angkor Wat, Cambodia
Angkor Wat is the huge Buddhist temple complex located in the northern Cambodia. it had been originally inbuilt the primary half the 12th century in to the Hindu temple. Spread across quite of the 400 acres around, Angkor Wat is claimed to be the most important religious monument within the world in a special.
Its old name, has which translates to the new name of “temple city” within a language Khmer language of the region, references the very fact it had been built by Emperor Suryavarman II, who ruled the region from the rule of 1113 to 1150, because the state temple and political center of his empire.
It was Originally dedicated to the Hindu Vishnu god, Angkor Wat became the Buddhist temple by the12th century in the top list.
1.Wat Rong Khun, Thailand
This bizarre-looking the temple of white temple located about just five km south of Chiang Rai City is that the brainchild of the Chiang Rai-born visual artist and the painter Chalermchai Kositpipat.
He brings the unconventional approach to the temple of architecture, fusing elements from his own imagination (white, not gold, as a pure colour to embody the sacredness of the temples) with the orthodox Buddhist teachings about heaven, hell, karma and the earthly sins.
In a way, Wat Rong Khun is analogous to Antoni Gaudi’s Sagrada Familia in Barcolona. When Chalermchai first conceived the thought of building the wat, he laid out an excellent grand plan for its design and construction but, like Gaudi’s work, it’ll never be completed. Constructed in 1998, the temple’s main chapel won’t be completely finished (with all decorations and murals) before 2020, including the opposite structures surrounding it.