The Communication Companies in India are on the ever rising trend and there has been a stupendous growth in this sector over the last decade. The telecommunication industry in India is one of the rapidly growing industries in the world and has also developed the second largest communication network.

Major Telecom Companies in India

In 1975, the Department of Telecom (DoT) was given separate authority for running the telephone services in the country.
The Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)initiated its services in the year 1985 for carrying out the telephone operations in the metros of India, viz. Delhi and Mumbai.
In October 2000, the Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) was set up by the Department of Telecom.
Thereafter several private companies as Reliance Communications, Tata Indicom, Airtel etc in the sector came up.

Mobile operators

Network Operators

Subscribers in Millions Active Users in Millions Ownership
Jio 415.00 324.35 Jio Platforms
Airtel
(Including Tata teleservices)
348.34 339.52 Bharti Airtel Limited
VI 256.09 256.09 Vodafone Idea Limited
BSNL Mobile 118.43 61.25 Government of India
MTNL 3.30 0.69 Government of India

Defunct operators

Operator Operation Period Fate
Modi Telstra 1990-2000 Merged into Axiata Spice Communications
Hutch Essar 1999-2007 Bought by Vodafone Group
Axiata Spice Communications 1992-2008 Merged into Idea Cellular
S Tel 2008-2012 Licence cancelled by the Supreme Court of India
Etisalat 2010-2012 Licence cancelled by the Supreme Court of India
Loop Mobile 1995-2014 Ceased operations after expiration of licence
Virgin Mobile India, T24 Mobile 2009-2015 Merged into Tata Docomo
Videocon Telecom 2010-2016 Shut down following sale of spectrum to Bharti Airtel
MTS India 2009-2017 Acquired by Reliance Communications
Idea Cellular 2002-2018 Merged with Vodafone India to form Vi
Vodafone India 2011-2018 Merged with Idea Cellular to form Vi
Aircel 1999-2018 Bankrupt
Telenor India 2009-2018 Acquired by Bharti Airtel
Tata Docomo 2009-2019 Acquired by Bharti Airtel
Reliance Communications 2002-2019 Bankrupt
Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited 1986-2020 Subsidiary of BSNL until merger is complete

List of Top Telecom Companies in India 2021

5. MTNL

MTNL was set up on 1st April 1986 by the Government of India to upgrade the quality of telecom services, expand the telecom network, introduce new services and to raise revenue for telecom development needs of India ‘s key metro cities of Delhi & Mumbai.

MTNL is the principal provider of fixed-line telecommunication service in the two Metropolitan Cities of Delhi and Mumbai. MTNL has been given Navratna status in 1997 and was listed in New York Stock Exchange in 2001. It is one of Government telecom operators in India.

It offers mobile services in the city of Delhi including four peripheral towns Noida, Gurgaon, Faridabad & Gaziabad and the Mumbai city along with the areas falling under the Mumbai Municipal Corporation, New Mumbai Corporation and Thane Municipal Corporation.

4. Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd.

Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd. was incorporated on 15th September 2000. It took over the business of providing telecom services and network management from the erstwhile Central Government Departments of Telecom Services (DTS) and Telecom Operations (DTO), with effect from 1st October 2000 ongoing concern basis.

It is one of the largest & leading public sector units providing a comprehensive range of telecom services in India. The company is fourth Largest telecom service provider companies in India.

3. Vodafone Idea Limited

Vodafone Idea Limited is an Aditya Birla Group and Vodafone Group partnership. It is One of the India’s leading telecom service provider.

The Company has the largest spectrum holding amongst all Indian telecom operators comprising 1,849.6 MHz spectrum across 22 circles, of which 1,714.8 MHz is liberalized spectrum. The Company provides pan India Voice and Data services across 2G, 3G, and 4G platforms.

2. Bharti Airtel Limited

Bharti Airtel Limited is a leading global telecommunications company with operations in 18 countries* across Asia and Africa. Headquartered in New Delhi, India, the Company ranks among the top three mobile service providers globally in terms of subscribers.

In India, the company’s product offerings include 2G, 3G and 4G wireless services, mobile commerce, fixed line services, high-speed home broadband, DTH, enterprise services (including national & international long distance services to carriers). It is a Private telecom operators in India.

1. Reliance Jio

Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited, Jio, is an Indian telecommunications services company wholly owned by Reliance Industries and headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, it operates a national LTE network with coverage across all 22 telecom circles.

Jio does not offer 2G or 3G service, and instead uses voice over LTE to provide voice service on its network.

Jio launched on 27 December 2015 with a beta for partners and employees and became publicly available on 5 September 2016. It is a private telecom operators in India. It is First in the list of top telecom companies in India 2021.

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